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Add a System-User

To add a system user that is separate from root.

With this command we'll add the user homersimpson with the password springfield.

The option -d defined the home folder and -m to create it. The option -u set the UID (take care if you'll add more than one user). The option -g add the user to group users and -s setup the default bash.

useradd -g users -u 1001 -d /home/homersimpson -s /bin/bash -m -p springfield homersimpson

Now you should login as homersimpson. If login failed, set the password for homersimpson again.

passwd homersimpson

Before we finished, we have to get a .bashrc and have to add an alias for su.

cp /etc/bashrc ~/.bashrc

Just open ~/.bashrc with your favorite editor and add this line.

alias su='su -l'

Finally reload you ~/.bashrc like that.

source ~/.bashrc

sshd

Take care! Just do it if login as user works or you have physical access to the hardware!

To forbid root login via ssh, edit in/etc/ssh/sshd_config this line like that.

PermitRootLogin no

If you can't login as homersimpson, add this lines to you sshd_config.

UserPAM yes
AllowUsers homersimpson

Finally restart your sshd.

/etc/init.d/sshd restart
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Older Revisions • December 7 at 4:41 am • Jon