CPU: Allwinner H3 ARM Cortex-A7 Quad-Core 32 bit RAM: 1GB Storage: 1 microSD card slot + 8GB eMMC 1x Gigabit LAN (using on-chip Phy) 1x 100mBit LAN (using internal USB bus) 2x USB 2.0 1x 802.11 b/g/n Wifi
There is also a 512MB Version which is not recommended.
Download the latest legacy armv6l IPFire image, (you need at least core135)
unpack file with xzcat or other compatible archiver
xzcat ipfire-2.27.2gb-ext4.armv6l-full-coreXXX.img.xz > /dev/mmcblk? # (or /dev/sd? depends on your card-reader)
Flash image to a MicroSD Card with dd, Etcher or Win32 Disk Imager
To connect the NanoPi R1 to a computer you need a Serial-TTL to USB-Cable.
IPFire does not use the internal debug port so you do not need to open the NanoPi R1 case. The console is routed to the external uart port.
Connect a USB-TTL uart cable like this:
G - Ground - Black
V - Volts - don't connect
T - R1 Transmit - PC rxd Receive Data - White (or yellow)
R - R1 Receive - PC txd Transmit Data - Green (or orange)
Now you can use the same procedure as other serial devices to setup.
minicom --device /dev/ttyUSB0
Set for baud: 115,200 parity:8 data:N stop:1
The default bootloader in the image boots from mmc0 (SD-Card), however the eMMC (Flash-ROM) is connected to mmc2. To boot from the eMMC you need a special u-boot that switches mmc0 to mmc2.
To install IPFire on eMMC first build the uSD card and set it up with a basic configuration that gives it an Internet connection. Then re-download the Image (or copy it to /root/ after first boot in the R1 to the card). Unpack it over the eMMC and then switch the bootloader.
wget https://downloads.ipfire.org/releases/ipfire-2.x/2.27-coreXXX/`ipfire-2.27.2gb-ext4.armv6l-full-coreXXX.img.xz` xzcat ipfire-2.27.2gb-ext4.armv6l-full-core`XXX`.img.xz > /dev/mmcblk2 dd if=/usr/share/u-boot/nanopi-r1/u-boot-sunxi-with-spl.bin of=/dev/mmcblk2 bs=1K seek=8
You should now be able to boot from eMMC and without SD Card in place.
If you have done the above steps correctly but still cannot boot, you may try to "enable eMMC writing to the boot section" by removing the eMMC boot partitions write protection.
echo 0 > /sys/block/mmcblk2boot0/force_ro echo 0 > /sys/block/mmcblk2boot1/force_ro
GREEN: "USB: Realtek Semiconductor Corp. RTL8152 Fast Ethernet Adapter" = 10/100Mbps LAN RED: "of: dwmac-sun8i" = 1Gb WAN BLUE: "sdio: brcmfmac" = b/g/n WLAN
Note: A USB 3.0 ethernet adapter plugged into the USB 2.0 port might get 240Mb